Tag Archives: youth

Unrestricted Shackling of Juveniles and Pregnant Women

Fact: 36 states allow the indiscriminate shackling of juveniles in court rooms.

Fact: Only 18 states prohibit or restrict the shackling of pregnant prisoners, including during labor.

Fact: Roughly 12,000 women are pregnant at the time of incarceration, including thousands who give birth while incarcerated annually.

Source: DC Attorneys Want Juveniles Released from Shackles in Court, Washington Post; The Shackling of Pregnant Women and Girls in U.S. Prisons, Jails, and Youth Detention Centers; ACLU

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250,000 Youth Tried in Adult Criminal Justice System Annually

Fact: Approximately 250,000 youths are tried in the adult criminal justice system annually.

Fact: On any given night, approximately 60,000 youth are incarcerated in a correctional facility or out-of-home placement.

Fact: Approximately 10,000 are incarcerated in an adult jail or prison.

Fact: The overwhelming majority are accused of minor and nonviolent offenses.

Source: Juvenile Justice, Public Welfare  Foundation

Three Years Without a Trial for a 16 Year Old

Fact: Kalief Browder spent more than 1000 days in jail on Rikers Island without a trial. He was first jailed when he was 16 years old.

Fact: In 2011, 74% of felony cases in the Bronx were older than six months.

Fact: At the beginning of 2013, there were 952 felony cases in the Bronx that were more than two years old.

Fact: In 2011, 165 felony cases in the Bronx went to trial. In 3,991, the defendant pleaded guilty.

Fact: in 2013, 27% of adolescent inmates on Rikers Island are in solitary confinement.

Source: Before The Law, The New Yorker

Children of Inmates & Mental Illness

Fact: There are approximately 2.7 million children with one or both parents incarcerated in the United States.

Fact: One quarter of black children born in 1990 have seen a parent go to jail or prison by age 14.  

Fact: Children with incarcerated parents are three times more likely to suffer depression and behavioral problems. 

Fact: Children with incarcerated parents are also more likely to suffer from higher levels of asthma, obesity, and speech problems. 

Source: Kids are Paying the Price for America’s Prison Binge, Mother Jones

U.S. is One of Two Countries with No Federal Minimum Age for Criminal Responsibility

Fact: In the United States, there is no federally set minimum age for criminal responsibility.

Fact: 37 states have also opted not to establish a minimum age of criminal responsibility.

Fact: This is in violation of the UNICEF Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Fact: The United States is one of only two countries in the world to have signed but not ratified the convention, with the other being Somalia. 

Source: Incarceration Nation, Foreign Policy Passport

Philadelphia School District Employs 450 Full-Time Police Officers

Fact: In 2008, the school district of Philadelphia employed 450 full-time law enforcement personnel. 

Fact: Several other U.S. public school systems employed over one hundred full-time law enforcement personnel, including Los Angeles, Miami, Houston, Palm Beach, Las Vegas, and Baltimore school districts.

Source: “Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008,” Bureau of Justice Statistics