Fact: Kalief Browder spent more than 1000 days in jail on Rikers Island without a trial. He was first jailed when he was 16 years old.
Fact: In 2011, 74% of felony cases in the Bronx were older than six months.
Fact: At the beginning of 2013, there were 952 felony cases in the Bronx that were more than two years old.
Fact: In 2011, 165 felony cases in the Bronx went to trial. In 3,991, the defendant pleaded guilty.
Fact: in 2013, 27% of adolescent inmates on Rikers Island are in solitary confinement.
Source: Before The Law, The New Yorker
Fact: Researchers from Villanova estimate that the poverty rate would be 20% lower today if not for the mass incarceration policies of the last few decades.
Fact: Absent the mass incarceration policies, an estimated five million fewer people would have fallen below the poverty line.
Source: Prison and the Poverty Trap, New York Times
Fact: Recent estimates of police shootings estimate over 1000 citizens killed annually.
Fact: The last time the FBI released statistics on police killings was in 2009. The count was approximately 400. The release of statistics has since stopped due to reliability issues.
Fact: There is no national tracking system for this data, and there is no national data available on non-lethal shootings by police officers.
Fact: According to the FBI, 44 police officers were lethally shot in 2012, with an additional four more killed in the line of duty.
Source: How many police shootings a year? No one knows, Washington Post
Fact: Alabama’s prisons have grown 840% since 1977. The state population has grown 23%.
Fact: In 1995, Alabama briefly re-introduced the chain gang for the first time in America in 30 years, before dropping the practice amid criticism and court challenges.
Fact: In 2002, the U.S. Justice Department ordered Alabama to stop chaining inmates to hitching posts, a widespread practice.
Fact: Alabama spends 1 of every 4 dollars in the state’s General Fund on prisons.
Source: Alabama’s Prison Problems, Al.com
Fact: The above title was an actual court case last year.
Fact: There have been almost 62,000 cash seizures without search warrants or indictments since 2001, totaling $2.5 billion in revenues for federal, state, and local authorities.
Fact: In many cases, the owner is not even charged with a crime.
Fact: Half of all seizures were below $8,800.
Fact: Almost 300 departments and an additional 210 task forces have seized 20% or more of their annual budgets since 2008.
Source: Stop and Seize, the Washington Post
Fact: African Americans are five times as likely to be sent to the emergency room for police-caused injuries than whites.
Fact: Hispanics are approximately twice as likely to be sent to the emergency room for police-caused injuries than whites.
Source: Black people are five times as likely as white people to be injured by police, Vox
Fact: Hundreds of police departments across the U.S. have police forces where the percentage of white officers is more than 30% percentage points higher than the racial makeup of the local community.
Fact: Many major cities’ police forces have at least one department where the percentage of white officers is more than 40% greater than the community they serve.
Source: The Race Gap in America’s Police Departments, New York Times